Periodontal (gum) diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. The word periodontal literally means "around the tooth." Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth.
Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed.
In the mildest form of the disease, gingivitis, the gums redden, swell and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.
Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in which the body in essence turns on itself, and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.
What Causes Gum Disease?
- Smoking / Tobacco Use
- Pregnancy and Puberty
- Clenching or Grinding
How can this be treated?
Nearly one third of the population has some form of gum disease. Unfortunately, many people don't realize it until too late - when they're losing their teeth. Not only does late stage gum disease cost time and money, it leads to future health problems, such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. We check for gum disease as part of our diagnostic services. If you have it, we have the following services to prevent further damage and maintain your smile.
- Repair of Receded Gum Areas
- Cosmetic Gum Procedures
- Halitosis (Bad Breath) Treatment
- Disease Control Procedures Bone Regeneration Procedures
- Laser Gum Surgery